The 1996 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics was held in Boston from October 26–30. A special program presented during the meeting was entitled “Pioneers and Modern Ideas.” It featured talks from select, preeminent pediatricians from the New England region (Figs 1 and2), who themselves were true pioneers in pediatrics—innovators, scientists, superb teachers of generations of pediatricians, and authors of definitive textbooks and articles that are still quoted and referenced today. The speakers were asked to recount what they believed to be the most notable historical advances in their respective fields, which include general pediatrics, infectious diseases, public health, hematology, child psychiatry, pediatric surgery, rheumatology, and neonatology. They were also asked to speculate about the likely future advances in pediatrics and medicine in the 1990s and beyond. Their presentations have been published as a supplement to expand the audience for their thoughtful and provocative comments.

Dr...

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