With this article, we introduce a new feature in Pediatrics called “Ethics Rounds.” The goal of this new feature is to present clinical cases that raise ethical issues. We present each case to pediatricians and bioethicists, who comment on the case on the basis of the information that they have at the time. We then give these same commentators the conclusion of the case and ask for further reflections. The case is printed in italic font, and comments are in normal, Roman font.

To protect patient privacy, we change certain facts of each case. Thus, although the reports are based on real cases, the names, ages, location, and gender of the patient may be changed if they are not relevant to the central issues of the case.

We invite readers to submit cases to the editor of Ethics Rounds: John Lantos, MD (jlantos@cmh.edu).

Our first case involves an...

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