We assessed the immunogenicity and safety of a combination measles, mump, rubella, and varicella vaccine (MMRV) (ProQuad [Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA]) administered to healthy children concomitantly with a pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV-7) (Prevnar [Pfizer, Philadelphia, PA]).
Healthy 12- to 15-month-old children who lacked vaccination and clinical histories for measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, and zoster but had written documentation of receipt of a 3-dose primary series of PCV-7 were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to receive either the MMRV and PCV-7 (group 1), PCV-7 followed 6 weeks later by MMRV (group 2), or MMRV followed 6 weeks later by PCV-7 (group 3). The primary safety analysis was 56 days (28 days after each visit). Immunogenicity was evaluated 6 weeks after each vaccination.
A total of 1027 children were enrolled (group 1: 510; group 2: 258; group 3: 259). For all 3 groups, the antibody response rate was ≥96.8% for measles, mumps, and rubella, ≥88.0% for varicella-zoster virus, and ≥98.3% for all of the 7 Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes. The immune responses to all antigens present in MMRV and PCV-7 were similar whether administered concomitantly or sequentially. The incidence of local and systemic adverse experiences (AEs) was comparable between group 1 and groups 2 and 3 combined. No vaccine-related serious AEs were reported.
Concomitant administration of the MMRV and PCV-7 is highly immunogenic and generally well tolerated. Similar immune responses between the groups support concomitant administration of the MMRV and PCV-7 to healthy children 12 to 15 months of age.