Attitudes and knowledge about appropriate management of common childhood illnesses may lead parents to mistakenly believe antibiotics are needed. Differences existed in antibiotic knowledge and attitudes between parents of Medicaid- and commercially insured children and according to other sociodemographic variables.

Despite efforts to decrease unnecessary antibiotic use, misconceptions about antibiotic use persist and continue to be more prevalent among parents of Medicaid-insured children. Tailored efforts for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations remain warranted to decrease parental drivers of unnecessary antibiotic prescribing.

Screening for occult fractures is a key component of the medical evaluation for young victims of suspected physical abuse. Little is known about adherence to occult fracture evaluation guidelines in children with suspected abuse cared for at non-pediatric-focused hospitals.

Occult fracture evaluations were performed in half of young children diagnosed with abuse or injuries concerning for abuse in a large cohort of hospitals. Evaluations were more common at hospitals caring for...

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