To determine if patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have decreased bone mineral density (BMD) more than what would be expected for their age and determine if the decreased bone density is more associated with certain comorbidities or treatments.

A total of 269 patients with EoE were evaluated at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinic. The inclusion criteria were patients 3 to 21 years who have a diagnosis of EoE on the basis of clinical history and pathology and have undergone a lumbar spine dual-energy radiograph absorptiometry (DXA) scan between January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017.

This study was a retrospective chart review. Specifically, charts were evaluated to find the patient’s first DXA scan within the study period. Demographic data included age at the time of the scan and EoE disease burden. Investigators also documented any comorbidities such as history of atopic disease, connective tissue diseases, eosinophilic...

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