In this issue of Pediatrics, Martens et al report on their 3-year progress using cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) to screen for vestibular loss in infants diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss in Flanders (northern Belgium). The cVEMP is a myogenic response measured at the contracted sternocleidomastoid muscle in response to high intensity, short duration, acoustic stimuli. The authors used tone bursts (500 Hz) elicited with a standard clinical bone oscillator. The cVEMP reflects inferior vestibular nerve and saccule function and can be recorded in infants as young as a few days with a head turn.2–5  cVEMPs are measured with the same evoked potential equipment as auditory brainstem responses, which are often used to confirm the presence of hearing loss, thus making cVEMP the ideal tool for screening vestibular function in infants.

Martens et al propose using cVEMPs to screen all children diagnosed with...

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