Professor Richard Drinnon of Bucknell University in his introduction to his recently published edited edition of John Dunn Hunter's Memoirs of a Captivity among the Indians of North America (1823) writes as follows about the wearing of long hair in the Bay Colony.
In 1649 there was even a campaign to Clean up the Bay Colony or, as Thomas Hutchinson called it, "an association against long hair." Among the documents later collected by the governor, one bears that date and the signatures of the doughty John Endicott, Richard Saltonstall, and other magistrates. It reads:
"For as much as the wearing of long hair, after the manner of ruffians and barbarous Indians, has begun to invade New England, contrary to the rule of God's word, which says it is a shamne for a man to wear long hair, as also the commendable custom generally of all the Godly of our nation until within these few years, we, the Magistrates who have subscribed to this paper (for the showing of our own innocency in this behalf), do declare and manifest our dislike and detestation against the wearing of such long hair, as a thing uncivil and unmanly, whereby men do deform themselves and offend sober and modest men."
The elders were instructed to manifest their zeal in insuring that members of their "respective Churches be not defiled therewith." Hard on themselves, to be sure, these sober and modest men were merciless when it came to native long hairs.1