A sample of 3000 pediatricians who had completed their residency training in 1978 or later were surveyed regarding the perception of the adequacy of their residency training in specific aspects of pediatric practice and in a number of subspecialty areas. The survey was almost identical with the one that formed the basis for the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Pediatric Education report in 1978. The results revealed relatively little change in the high rates of perceived "insufficient training" in all the areas of pediatrics described as "underemphasized" in the Task Force report. However, those residents who received their training during the second half of the 10 years since the Task Force survey reported significant improvement in the previously underemphasized areas of developmental and behavioral pediatrics and adolescent medicine. Results also revealed a significant increase in the number of pediatricians who identify either a subspecialty interest or subspecialty practice in developmental or behavioral pediatrics. The increase in pediatric subspecialists and the improved training experience since 1984 indicate that the Task Force report may have had a positive impact on residency training in developmental and behavioral pediatrics.

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