Influenza Information for Health Care Professionals from the American Academy of Pediatrics—Updated August 9, 2022
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases has compiled a comprehensive list of resources on influenza prevention and treatment in children and adolescents. This resource page is updated frequently. AAP member or subscriber login may be required to access some links.
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Upcoming 2022-2023 influenza season resources
- Influenza vaccination recommendations for the 2022-23 season are available. Watch for the influenza policy statement and technical report for the 2022-’23 season in early September.
- Coming soon! Watch for new AAP resources to help increase influenza vaccine awareness and vaccination rates, including:
- An influenza vaccination clinic toolkit that helps pediatricians reach families with vaccine reminders. Resources include graphics, posters, and planning tools.
- A new social media campaign to promote influenza vaccination.
- Updated Healthy Children articles for families.
2021-2022 influenza season summary
- Influenza activity was prolonged and included unusually high activity late in the season.
- Children age 0 to 4 years had the second-highest hospitalization rate throughout the season.
- Thirty-two influenza-associated pediatric deaths were reported during the season.
- The overall vaccination rate for children and adolescents was 2 percentage points lower for the 2021-2022 influenza season than for the 2020-2021 season. As of April 9th, (55.3% compared to 57.3%) and 6.9 percentage points lower this season compared with same time week ending April 11, 2020 ('62.2% pre-pandemic’ 2019-20 season).
- Racial and ethnic disparities were evident, and non-Hispanic Black (47%) and Hispanic/Latino (58%) children and adolescents had lower influenza vaccination rates than non-Hispanic white (61%) children and adolescents.
- The estimated influenza vaccine effectiveness was higher than what was initially reported. New preliminary vaccine effectiveness estimates show the influenza vaccines reduced the risk of mild to moderate influenza illness caused by A(H3N2) viruses by 3.5% overall.
- The unusual influenza activity seen during the 2021-2022 season is not an indicator of what to expect in the future. The timing and severity of the next season could be affected by fluctuations in COVID-19 mitigation measures and population immunity; the impact is not known.
Vaccination is the best way to prevent influenza and the serious complications that can result from it, particularly for those with high-risk conditions. Pediatricians should encourage influenza vaccination at every opportunity.
Policy & Clinical Guidance
Access information on influenza and influenza vaccination here, including links to AAP and CDC policy and clinical guidance.
From the AAP
- Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2021–2022
- Policy Statement: Influenza Immunization for All Health Care Personnel: Keep it Mandatory
- Red Book Chapters
From the CDC
- Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices—United States, 2021–’22 Influenza Season
- Influenza Antiviral Medications: Summary for Clinicians
- CDC Guidance for Clinicians on the Use of Rapid Influenza Diagnostic Tests
Find implementation, education, and communication resources on the AAP Patient Care Influenza page, including:
- Influenza Education and Training for Health Care Professionals
- Social Media Campaign Toolkits
- Information for Parents and Caregivers
- CDC Influenza Resources
You can also find tools on Communicating with Families and Promoting Vaccine Confidence for the upcoming season.
Visit the Red Book Online Visual Library
Browse the Red Book Online Visual Library, featuring more than 2,700 infectious disease images. Several influenza images, slides, and graphics are part of the robust collection. Use the image library as a reference for diagnosis or for presentations.