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TABLE 2

Potential Complications of Body Piercings51 

Piercing SitePotential Complications
Ear Allergic reaction, auricular perichondritis, embedded earrings, infection, keloid formation, perichondral abscess, and traumatic tear 
Genitals (women) Allergic reaction, compromise of barrier contraceptives, infection, and keloid formation 
Genitals (men) Frictional irritation, infection, paraphimosis, penile engorgement, priapism, recurrent condyloma, urethral rupture, urethral stricture, and urinary flow interruption 
Mouth Airway compromise, altered eating habits, gingival trauma, hematoma formation, increased salivary flow, infection, injury to salivary glands, interference with radiographs, loss of taste, Ludwig angina, pain, permanent numbness, speech impediments, tooth fracture or chipping, and uncontrolled drooling 
Navel Bacterial endocarditisa, frictional irritation, infection, and jewelry migration and rejection 
Nipples Abscess formation, bacterial endocarditisa, breastfeeding impairment, and infection 
Nose Infection, jewelry swallowing or aspiration, perichondritis and necrosis of the nasal wall, and septal hematoma formation 
Piercing SitePotential Complications
Ear Allergic reaction, auricular perichondritis, embedded earrings, infection, keloid formation, perichondral abscess, and traumatic tear 
Genitals (women) Allergic reaction, compromise of barrier contraceptives, infection, and keloid formation 
Genitals (men) Frictional irritation, infection, paraphimosis, penile engorgement, priapism, recurrent condyloma, urethral rupture, urethral stricture, and urinary flow interruption 
Mouth Airway compromise, altered eating habits, gingival trauma, hematoma formation, increased salivary flow, infection, injury to salivary glands, interference with radiographs, loss of taste, Ludwig angina, pain, permanent numbness, speech impediments, tooth fracture or chipping, and uncontrolled drooling 
Navel Bacterial endocarditisa, frictional irritation, infection, and jewelry migration and rejection 
Nipples Abscess formation, bacterial endocarditisa, breastfeeding impairment, and infection 
Nose Infection, jewelry swallowing or aspiration, perichondritis and necrosis of the nasal wall, and septal hematoma formation 
a

In patients with moderate- to high-risk cardiac conditions.

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